Peter from ctvadim asks, what is the difference between modernism anti-modernism, post-modernism, and
contemporary art? Modernism deals with artworks produced
roughly from 1860s to the 1970s.
It is characterized by throwing out of the old, embracing the new.
There is more experimentation, new ways of seeing, new ideas about how art functions.
Historically it can be tied to the industrial revolution where there is a rapid changes in
manufacturing transportation technology which influenced the social economic and
cultural conditions of Western Europe and North America. People are moving out
urban spaces traveling and having new world views and access to new ideas. The invention of photography also sent painting into an identity crisis. With this new technology that can
perfectly replicate scenes what can painting do that photography can not? No more frou-frou mythological or religious
scenes for wealthy patrons, Modern art was about the people places and ideas that artist had direct contact with. Along with the publication of Sigmund Freud The Interpretation of Dreams in 1889
artists became more interested in dreams symbolism and iconography as ways
to depict subjective experiences. Anti-modernism or counter-modernism
refers to a number of parallel movements that spread throughout
Europe following the end of World War I Given the collective name of Le rappel a lordre meaning return to order, they
rejected the extreme avant-garde art and took notes from
traditional art instead. In particular futurism was brought into focus. They were a group of anti-traditionalists
who celebrated technology to the point of praising machinery in violence and power
and condemned the culture of the past in defiance of history and tradition. However there is a
break when Futurist follwers broke off from the pack. In particular Severini and Carra became followers of Giorgio de Chirico. Picasso and Braque abandoned cubism. Picasso produced work in a neoclassical style that recalled the work of Raphael and Ingres. This trend was evident in many artists working in the nineteen twenties
including Deran, Metzinger, artists of the New Objectivity and the Novecento Italiano movement. Postmodern art is a body of art movements around 1960s Dates can be hard to pinpoint The idea of what is considered art is expanded to mixed media, installation, conceptual art and video art. We begin to see Bricolage, collage, simplification, appropriation, performance art. The distinction between high and low art
and popular culture is blurred There is a sense of immediacy and the present that you do not see in modern art. Perhaps it is easiest to see in Pop art of Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein. Now is the hardest part of this video which
is defining what contemporary art is. Contemporary art is
basically art since modernism, but then you have the
problem of: Well, when did modernism end? Some may define it
as art made within our lifetime, but lifetime is a variable so that is not very
useful and some will also say that
contemporary art is a large umbrella that postmodernism fits under. The first use of the term
contemporary art can be traced to 1910 by critic Roger Fry for the Contemporary Art Society in London. As Modern art became more of a historical art movement, modern ceased to mean contemporary art, and they needed a new term to talk about art made in the present. There is not a clear cut from one to
another, and many institutions actually use the term Modern and Contemporary Art to avoid this distinction altogether. In the end, not everyone is going to agree
and people are constantly proposing and refining ideas. In the meantime I hope you learned
something new thanks again to Peter for asking this
question. If you do not know who he is I will go ahead and his channel down below.
He is also doing this fantastic project called Go Verb and Noun. It is just awesome interviews with all these creators making educational content on YouTube so if you are interested in that, definitely check that
out. If you have not watched last weeks video about the creepy and fascinating history
of Mummy Brown Paint. Thanks so much for watching, and I will see
you next time!